Caravaggio eclipsed all other artists of his time. But just who were these fellow travellers? Bringing together 200 paintings from world collections, Caravaggio’s Rome is the first work to reconstruct the connective tissue of the Eternal City, where the genius lived and worked. In the period between 1595 and 1635, Rome was a crucible in which artists of different backgrounds, cultures, and tongues worked side by side exchanging techniques, experiences, styles, and iconographies. In the space of a few years, they swept away the late mannerist stereotypes and ushered in the most extraordinary artistic renewal ever witnessed in Rome. The results would be felt all over Europe throughout the 17th century. The catalog relates this poorly known story to a broad audience, rendering justice and visibility to talented artists who had the "misfortune" of living in Rome in the early decades of the 1600s and have languished into modern times in Caravaggio's shadow.